If you’re obese or overweight, then you should know that you’re at a great risk of having type 2 diabetes. According to International Diabetes Foundation, obesity and diabetes are the major health problems of the 21st century.
According to a supporting statistics, a person is diagnosed with diabetes every three seconds. The modern lifestyle has a major role in developing type 2 diabetes. Sedentary lifestyle of people leads to high fat accumulation in the body. People having a BMI (body mass index) of above 25 are considered as overweight or obese. Obese people have 80% more chances of developing type 2 diabetes than people with a body mass index below 22.
Type 2 diabetes occurs due to insulin resistance of the body or when the body is unable to produce enough insulin to keep the glucose level normal. According to scientists, obesity triggers changes in the human body which in turn leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. Once you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you’ve to make necessary changes in your lifestyle to maintain the glucose level in the blood stream. Plus, lifestyle changes will help to prevent further complications associated with diabetes.
Some of the changes that occur in an obese person are:
Affects Fat Metabolism
Obesity triggers metabolic changes in the body, which result in the release of fat molecules to the blood from adipose tissues or fat tissues. These molecules affect the function of the insulin cells and damage the responsiveness of these cells to insulin gradually.
Reduces the Responsiveness of The Body To Inflammation
The abdominal fat in obese people causes the release of pro-inflammatory chemicals in the body. These chemicals interrupt the responsiveness of the insulin cells to develop insulin resistance in the body. Insulin resistance is the major cause that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. By losing abdominal fat with proper diet and exercise can help in reducing the release of these chemicals. Excessive abdominal fat or central obesity develops a high risk to type 2 diabetes.
Obesity Causes Prediabetes Condition
Developing prediabetes condition is another cause of obesity. In this condition, the blood sugar level is higher than the normal level but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. According to scientists, prediabetes causes the increased production of fatty acids in the blood. These excessive fatty acids enter the mitochondria of the cells and stop the proper functioning of the mitochondria.
Prevention of Diabetes in Obese People
If you’re obese, it is important to maintain a healthy diet, increased physical activity and healthy weight. Small amount of weight loss can also prevent the occurrence of diabetes or to delay the chances of developing diabetes.
Weight loss can also help in preventing the complications related to diabetes like heart attack, stroke and blindness, and also in reducing the amount of medicines required by the body. To trigger weight loss, you have to follow a diet with low carbohydrates and high fiber along with 20-30 minutes of physical activity on a regular basis. It is recommended to consult a physician before starting a new diet or work program, especially if you’re diabetic.